Periodontal Diseases and Prevention
Periodontal diseases are infections of the gums, which gradually destroy the support of your natural teeth. There are numerous disease entities requiring different treatment approaches. Dental plaque is the primary cause of gum disease in genetically susceptible individuals. Daily brushing and flossing will prevent most periodontal conditions.
Why is oral hygiene so important?
Adults over 35 lose more teeth to gum diseases (periodontal disease) than cavities. Three out of four adults are affected by gum disease at some time in their life. The best way to prevent cavities and periodontal disease is to perform good tooth brushing and flossing techniques daily.
Bacterial plaque is the cause of both periodontal disease and cavities. Plaque is a colorless film that sticks to your teeth at the gumline. Plaque constantly forms on your teeth. By thorough daily brushing and flossing you can remove these germs and prevent periodontal disease.
A number of factors can accelerate periodontal disease. However, periodontal disease is mainly caused by the bacteria found in dental plaque. If not carefully removed by daily brushing and flossing, plaque hardens into a rough, porous substance known as calculus (or tartar).
Bacteria found in plaque produces toxins or poisons that irritate the gums and cause them to turn red, swell and bleed easily. If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth and pockets or spaces for. The supporting gum tissue and bone that hold teeth in place deteriorate as a result of gum disease progression. Tooth loss will occur without intervention and treatment.
Preventing Gum Disease
The best way to prevent gum disease is effective daily brushing and flossing as well as regular professional examinations and cleanings. Unfortunately, even with the most diligent home dental care, people still can develop some form of periodontal disease. Once this disease starts, professional intervention is necessary to prevent its progress.
Other important factors affecting the health of your gums include:
- Clenching and grinding teeth
- Poor nutrition